The Respiratory System Test

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1. Every organ and cell in the body needs oxygen to live.

6. As a person ages.
The lungs become more elasticThe air capacity of the chest cavity increasesSecretions thicken and become difficult to expelResistance to diseases of the respiratory system increases

2. When small pieces of food, liquid, muscus, or vomitus enter the air passages, what occurs?

7. The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place in the diaphragm.

3. The exchange of gases between the body and the outside world is called:
External respirationInternal respirationMetabolismEmphysema

8. Mrs. Riebers, who is 78 years old, has been diagnosed as having pneumonia. How can the home health aide help her recover?
Keep Mrs. Riebers from changing positionEncourage her to cough and drink fluidsCut down her fluid intakeKeep her from coughing

4. How do cilia help prevent infection?
They break down food and oxygen in the cellsThey sweep foreign matter out of the trachea and bronchiThey line the chest cavityThey remove waste products from the body

9. Clients with emphysema will be short of breath even after mild exertion.

5. In addition to the lungs, what organ helps the chest cavity expand and contract?

10. What effect does smoking have on lung diseases?
It increases the risk for pneumonia onlyIt increases the risk for all lung diseasesIt has no relation to lung diseasesIt helps prevent lung diseases

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